toast. emphasizing the protection of the human dignity of women participating in transnational cooperation in the field of reproduction. The main pro-life organization in Israel is Efrat; Its goal is „to increase the Jewish birth rate in Israel.“ [120] The organization fights abortion and offers financial assistance to women in the pursuit of their pregnancies. Efrat is registered as a non-profit organization in accordance with Israeli law. Another organization that provides financial support and advice to pregnant women in Israel is Just One Life (JOL),[121] in Hebrew is known as Nefesh Achat B`Yisrael. JOL appears to be a U.S.-based organization, as its website states that it is a „501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.“ [122] Since the first birth of a child after in vitro fertilization (IVF) in 1978, the spread of assisted reproduction (ART) in the treatment of infertility has benefited many people around the world. Until 2012, it was estimated that the total number of babies born as a result of MAR was 5 million [1]. Infertility is often a cause of suffering and social harm, especially for women, and the right to reproductive health can be understood as a right to treatment for infertility. But women also bear the main burden of treatment for others: IVF is used to treat male infertility; IVF also serves as a platform technology for preimplantation diagnosis (PID) of embryos, often without medical cause and a tool to eliminate female fetuses. All of this, along with the spread of footnote 1 and motherhood agreements for others, means that in most other healthy women undergo invasive medical interventions for the sake of their partners or for strangers who want to become parents…

Kategorie: Nezařazené